MANOTE music audible notation


  m a n o t e     audible music notation

Read a music score by listening without seeing the score.
MANOTE may also be written as an easy to learn Braille.
Unlike Music Braille, fewer symbols makes learning easier.

* News

+ 1 May 2009 MANOTE is made available for comment and testing.

* Mission

+ Music score access by listening.
+ Make music available to non braille users.
+ Easy music braille for the occasional user.
+ Help sighted teachers in a mixed education setting.
+ Writing of music with a text editor.
+ Exchange music with midi, midge and score formats.

* Description      Taken from Kabook File 1

     KaBook (related project)
     Demonstration Score  (pdf sheet music)
==== What is MANOTE?  Music Audible Notation
(c) D. M. Tan Creti 2009
gnu copyleft  free documentation license
MANOTE, music audible notation, was created to
allow reading of music scores without seeing the
printed music. Easy learning benefits occasional
music users, visually impaired without braille,
and sorely needed teachers for mixed education.
Sighted audio learners may find MANOTE helpful.
A foot controlled device frees the hands to play.
While Music Braille is the gold standard,
MANOTE may better fill the needs of certain users.
Unlike Music Braille, MANOTE needs fewer special
symbols and can be written in US Computer Braille.
Other braille code could be used and shortened by
not using the # number indicator since it is clear
when a number is expected.  Ten more pronounced
symbols @ & \ / * % $ + = . must be represented.
Weaknesses of MANOTE clearly mean it is no match
for Music Braille with its massive catalog of
available works. Similarities can help MANOTE
users progress to Music Braille.  While scores
are longer, compression is less of an issue with
refreshable braille displays or audible reading.
Few sighted teachers will learn Music Braille.
Exchange of MANOTE between musicXml, midi and
midge digital formats could lead to create
MARC cataloged music libraries on the internet.
How is MANOTE different?
MANOTE appears in 3 form: braille, text,
spoken symbol, and spoken word. It is compared
to Music Braille as summarized in:
Introduction to Braille Music Transcription,
Second Edition 2005, by Mary Turner De Garmo,
revised and edited by Lawrence R. Smith
Talking Scores on tape and Talking Music scores
for the Daisy reader should be compared.
MANOTE offers a 100% open source linux solution.
Its goal is to be simple, compact, and portable.
Kabook audiobook and text reader can read parts
measure by measure with a key or foot press.
However a screen reader may also be used.
Kabook can link text measures to positions in
an mp3 file. Links to the mp3 file are created by
with a frame number on line 10 of the measure.
MANOTE is readable by both a computer voice.
How is the notation structured?
Hyphens, numbers and spaces separate symbols so
they are understandable when read and not
combined into nonsense syllables.
Try text to speech espeak English-us voice:
espeak "k-g v-f-c2#4o4c4d8&d8" or spoken word:
espeak "clef-g sharp-f-c .24 octave4 c4c8&d8"
This is: g-clef, 2 sharps, time 2/4, 4th octave,
a quarter note, and two eighth notes beamed.
Kabook can easily adjust the speed of espeak.
How are notes, times, and octaves shown?
Study the Table of Sign that follows.  The note's
or rest's letter name is followed with a duration
number. A symbol pair is always a letter and
a number so the number sign is not brailled.
The octave is marked once and then, not marked
for a jump of a second or third but always marked
for a sixth or more. Mark a fourth or fifth
only if it leaves the octave. When you jump to a
measure the starting octaves are give on line 10.
How are sharps, flats, and naturals shown?
The letters v w and n are used.  To help remember
think of the bottom of the v as being sharp, the
bottom of the w is flat and n is neither.
Accidentals follow the note duration.
The % sign indicates a pitch bend.
A digit 1 2 3 4 5 bends up 0 9 8 7 6 bends down.
A key signature may list the number of sharps
or flats as v2 or list their names as v-f-c.
A double sharp is v-v and a demi is v0.
How do you show notes played at the same time?
You may show parts on separate lines. The \ is 
read in-accord and merges notes after it with the
first part of the measure.  The interval method
gives a root note and then list added notes as
intervals. The number 1 is the root note itself
while each increase moves to the next space or
line of the staff.  For the g clef the intervals
are listed down while the f clef is the opposite.
Including a note of this is the best practice. 
How are groups of notes shown?
Consecutive notes of similar value, forming beats
or part-beats, are usually shown with a beam.
MANOTE indicates beams with an & sign between the
joined notes.  Groups may be marked with a tuple
sign before the first note.  The +5 indicates that
the present and the next 4 notes are grouped.
A triplet is marked as +3.
When a slur starts a number gives the number of
notes included under the slur sign.
How are measures organized?
MANOTE places each measure and each part on a
separate line. A final information line lists
measure number, key, time, octaves, and comments.
This index line allows the computer user to jump
to any measure. Kabook text reader presents a ten
line page for each measure. This allows stepping
through one part with the plus key and the part's
line number key. Pausing at a place in an mp3
file can automatically jump to the text measure.
How can MANOTE be written to paper braille?
Multiple parts are arranged with the measures
aligned vertically.  Measures bars are shown 
internally with the / sign. Lines are indented
3 cells except the information lines which begin
with the measure number of the previous measure.
An initial line gives the title, clef, key and
time. Using the symbols keeps the braille short.
However, compression tricks should not get in the
way of keeping MANOTE as readable as possible.
==== MANOTE 1: Notes, rests and durations
 note = a b c d e f g h
 rest = r
 0000 long
 00 brev
 0 whole
 2 half
 4 quarter
 8 eighth
 6 sixteenth
 3 thirty-second
 5 sixty-forth
 1 one-hundred-twenty-eighth
 9 0 duration grace note

 i interval i2 add a note, same duration,
   g clef down, f clef up, starting note
   is 1 so the next line or space is i2

==== MANOTE 2: Signs Order Relative to Note 
odd line symbol & example, even line description
 =    c4=72                            "equals"
metronome quarter note = 72, c is pitch less
 m-r-  m-l-                            "hand"
margin left right hand  Hint: y has l and r arms
 k-g -f -t -n -o-g -g-o -o-o-g -g-o-o  "clef"
clef g f tab neutral,  octave clef above or lower
clef tenor soprano baritone alto bass subbass
 v2    v-f-c                         "sharp flat"
key number of sharps or list, w flats
 .34   .04   .02                     "time"
time .43,  common symbol c .44, cut symbol c/ .22
 *                                   "star"
see instruction in the information line
 rest-4 sim sim-2                  "measure-rest"
rest 4 measures, simile mark
 j0                             "rep forward"
repeat forward    hint: jump to  j0  from  j1
 end1 end2                               "end"
first or second ending
 tied                                    "tied"
reminder tie, optional
 k-f k-g                                 "clef"
change of clef
 m-r  m-l                                "hand"
change of hand
 z  z2                                   "ped"
pedal down  pedal half
 @   @-f-f- @-p-                         "at"
word sign   also Segno sign when alone    @
 l-c-  l-d-  l8  l1#5   l-l8 l-l1#5      "line"
line hairpin crescendo decrescendo octave
 q-q    q-q6  q-q1#6                     "slur"
slur open bracket slur, spans other slurs
 q4    q optional reminder slurred )      "slur"
slur this and next 3 notes  hint: queue
 comma                                   "comma"
musical comma
 +  +3 +5                                "group"
common triplet, +5 tuple or group of 5
 p p-u- p-d- p-l- p-g- p-c7-  p-c-minor- "play"
mark bow-up bow-down  >  <  chords:  C7 Cm
 p4 p-t- p-r-  p-f-  or p-h-   "perform" or "play"
arpeggio 4 notes, ornament turn trill fermata hold
 y                                       "trem" 
y3   tremolo as 32th note rate
 o4                                      "octave"
octave, o4 is middle, mark only large changes
 $-  $0 overtone $1 diamond              "head" 
special note head of note, x spoken word 
 a b c e f g h r
note or rest   h is for German notation
 0 2 4 8 6 3 5 1 9   a4 b8 
 duration whole half quarter eighth 16th 32nd
 v- w- n-                   "sharp flat natural"
accidental sharp flat natural, v-v double v0 demi
 p-                                        "dot"
dot use 2 characters hint: letter p means point
 %4 1 2 3 4 5 bend up  0 9 8 7 6 bend down "bend"
bend pitch down up
 x x-x- x-a- x-t- x-m- x-g-  x4 4 notes    "as"
staccato -tissimo accent tenuto marcato ghost
 u3                                        "use"
use finger    u1  thumb of right or left hand
 t                                         "tie"
tie to next note
 &                                         "beam"
beam to the next note
 i2                                        "add"
interval add note, count the starting note as 1
 u3                                        "use"
use finger for interval
 t                                         "tie"
tie for interval
 q4                                        "slur"
slur, slur this and next 3 notes  hint: queue
 q0                                        "slur"
close slur
 q-q0                                      "slur"
close bracket slur, a slur spanning slurs
 t4       next 4 notes                     "tie" 
tie, accumulating arpeggio sign
 l0                                        "line"
quit continuation line hairpin or octave
 s1   s2                                 "breath"
breath, half breath  hint: inspire
musical comma
 z0    z0 z                               "pedal"
pedal release,  quick release and down again
 j1                                    "rep back"
repeat back   hint: jump to the j0 sign
 \ back-slash                            "accord"
in accord, next notes played with previous
 /   /0   /-dot   /-/                    "bar"
bar, closing bar, dotted bar, double bar,

==== MANOTE 3: Symbol, Word Mode, help
 SYMBOL   ENGLISH                
 abcdefg  abcdefg   note
 h        h         German notation
 i        add       interval     
 j        repeat    jump
 k        clef
 l        line      hairpin      
 m        hand
 n        natural                
 o        octave                 
 p        play      ornament bow 
 q        slur                   
 r        rest                   
 s        breath                 
 t        tie                    
 u        use       finger       
 v        sharp                  
 w        flat                   
 x        as        expression   
 y        tremolo
 z        pedal
 @        at        direction    
 $        head      note head    
 %        bend      pitch change 
 &        beam
 *        star      see notes    
 +        group 
 =        equals    metronone    
 \        accord    in accord    
 /        bar
 .        time      .44  dot 4 4
 .        dot       a.4           

==== MANOTE 4: Format Options
Kabook jumps in 10 line pages, allowing reading of
a selected line across measures.  Staff lines are
first, then lyrics, blank lines if needed, and
finally line 10 for information.  Line 10 gives
the measure number, clef, key, time, and octave
of each line.  Text for braille and screen reader
may be written with multiple measures on one line
with a / between measures.
Line 10 gives the final measure's number. 
==== MANOTE 5: Title Page Order and sample 
Title, opus number, key
By Composer's name  (optional information)
Arranger and/or lyricist
Performance medium For Band Instrument or Voice
Copyright permission and date or public domain
Comments,  number of files, parts, organization
Line 1 #8   End #16  shows the ending measures
List special signs. Addition pages numbered #0.1   
#0 manote gnu fdl copyleft year transcriber
It's a me, Oh Lord
Sheet music from
Typeset using by Simone Brun
Public Domain
line 1 and 2 Femmes, lines 3 and 4 Hommes
1 soprano 2 tenor 3 alto 4 base
line 1 ends with ##8
end ##16
#0 manote (c) gnu fdl copyleft D M Tan Creti
Femmes k-g v-f-c .24 o4
Femmes k-g v-f-c .24 o4
Hommes k-f v-f-c .24 o3
Hommes k-f v-f-c .24 o3
Lyric 1
Lyric 2
Lyric 3
Lyric 4

#0 k-g-f v-f-c .24 o4 o4 o3 o3
It's a
Not my
Not my
Not my

#1 k-g-f v-f-c .24  o4 o4 o3 o3
f4 f8&f8n
d4 d8&d8
a4 a8&g8v
d4 d8&d8
me, it's a
mother, not my
brother, not my
teacher, not my

#2 k-g-f v-f-c .24 o4 o4 o3 o3
f4 f8&f8n
d4 d8&d8
a4 a8&g8v
d4 d8&c8
me, it's a
father, it's a
sister, it's a
preacher, it's a

#3 k-g-f v-f-c .22 o4 4o o3 o3
f4 e4
d4 c4
e4 e4
d4 g4
me, Oh
me, Oh
me, Oh
me, Oh

#4 k-g-f v-f-c .22 o4 o4 o3 o3

#5 k-g-f v-f-c .22 o4 o3 o3 03
Standing in the
Standing in the
Standing in the
Standing in the

#6 k-g-f v-f-c .22 o4 o3 o3 o2
e4 e4
c4 c4
g4 g4
a4 a4
need of
need of
need of
need of

#7 k-g-f v-f-c .22 o4 o4 o3 o2

#8 k-g-f v-f-c .22 o4 o4 o3 o3
r4 a8&a8
r4 f8&f8
r4 a8&a8
r4 f8&f8
It's a
It's a
It's a
It's a

#9 k-g-f v-f-c .22 o4 o4 o3 o3
a4 a8&a8
f4 f8&f8
a4 a8&a8
d4 d8&d8
me, it's a
me, it's a
me, it's a
me, it's a

#10 k-g-f v-f-c .22 o4 o4 o3 o3
a4 a8&a8
d4v d8&d8
c4n c8&c8
f4 f8&f8
me, it's a
me, it's a
me, it's a
me, it's a

#11 k-g-f v-f-c .22 o4 o4 o4 o3
a4 g4
d4v c4
c4n a4
f4 e4
me, Oh
me, Oh
me, Oh
me, Oh

#12 k-g-f v-f-c .22 o4 o4 o4 o3

#13 k-g-f v-f-c .22 o4 o4 o3 o2
d8&d8 d8&d8
b8&b8 b8&b8
g8v&g8 g8&g8
b8&b8 b8&b8
Standing in the
Standing in the
Standing in the
Standing in the

#14 k-g-f v-f-c .22 o4 o3 o3 o2
f4 e4 
c4 c4
a4 n g4
a4 a4
need of
need of
need of
need of

#15 k-g-f v-f-c .22 o4 o4 o3 o2

#16 k-g-f v-f-c .22 o4 o4 o3 o3

* Author and Links

David M.
  Tan Creti

IRC nick paradocs
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